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TRAINING YOUR DOG

There are many training schools where you can  learn to train your dog. You can read books on training but most people need instruction from a person trained to teach how to do it. If you walk your dog who is not trained, you can use one of the extendable hand held leads which retract and extend automatically. Following are a few tips on how to train your dog.

Training your dog requires a choke chain and a leash, usually a six foot leash.  The length of the choke chain is determined by the dog's neck.   There should be about six inches of free chain above the neck when the loop is around the dogs neck.. So you  will know what size choke chain to buy by measuring the dog's neck and adding 6 inches. First, take the choke chain and drop the chain through the loop at one end of the choke chain.  The two end loops will end up next to one another.  Afix the connector of the leash onto the loop of the choke chain which protrudes through the other second loop.      Hold the loop up and make a P of the choke chain.    To apply the choke chain, face your dog.  Put the dog's head through the loop of the P made by the chain.  The lead would be attached to the bottom of the P. 

The dog is always walked on your left side.  Hold the leash, about two feet of it, in your left hand so that it is about at waist level with a relaxed loop extending down to your dog's neck.  The rest  of the leash is in your right hand.  with your hand through the loop at the end of the leash.When you wish to make a 'correction',   tighten the leash with a quick jerk, pulling  sideways towards your right.   Quickly release saying "No" sharply.  This gets the dog's attention.  The first command is to slap your left hand on your left leg at about the level of the dog's head and say " Bugsy  Heel!" (put in your dog's name in place of 'Bugsy') At the same moment step out with your left foot.  The dog will move out with you.  To encourage your dog give him lots of praise as long as he walks by your side.  Put a lot of enthusiasm into your voice so he thinks he is having fun.    Statements like "Good dog!,  Good job!  What a great dog!"If he goes ahead or drops too far behind, give a correction, a quick tug of the choke chain, accompanied by a 'No!'.    Keep going with a 'Bugsy   "Heel'  If your dog's attention is attracted by a bird, a squirrel, a person, a car, whatever, use the correction with a "No!" and carry on.  It is best to do your training in a relatively quiet place with few obvious distractions.   Move to more stiimulating environments to test your dog's mastery of the commands and of the discipline.

Commands of motion are used with your dog's name.  When you do your next command "Sit!' you do not preface this command with your dog's name.  Give your dog the command "Sit!" and push down on his hind quarters.  Give him lavish praise when he does this.  Keep the training sessions short and gradually increase the training time as he tolerates the sessions.  When your dog has masstered the "Sit!" command without your having to push down on his hind quarters, add the hand movement each time you say "Sit!"  Drop your hand from the wrist in a downward motion.  After a while he will respond to your hand command alone.

The more time you spend training your dog the more perfectly your dog will learn the commands.  Daily is a good interval.  Once he has mastered the "Sit!" command you may add the "Stay!" command.  Give your dog the command   "Stay!" holding your hand about a foot in front of his eyes, blocking his vision.   When he stays in the "Stay!" position for a few seconds, praise him a lot and carry on with the lesson.  Be sure to repeat the command a few more tiimes before you end the lesson.  Some trainers like to give a treat to the dog for a lesson well done but it can become a burden if in your dog's mind the idea is fixed that he should get a treat every time he does the proper response to the command    When you don't have a treat he may feel he is not supposed to respond to the commands.  Dogs are naturally looking for approval.  Give him/her a lot of praise and speak in tones of pride and your dog will feel well rewarded. after a good lesson.  The next command "Down!" can be a difficult one for your dog to learn.  It is the ultimate test of your dog's acceptance of you as the boss.    When you command "Down!" have the dog in the Sit position at your left side.  Extend your arm in front of you and lower the whole arm from above your head to your side as you intone in a dragged out voice "Dowwnn!" at the same time putting your left foot on the leash by the side of the dog's head and pressing your foot to the ground pulling the dog's head with you until he is in an all legs bent   position on the ground.

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