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TIPS FOR DOG CARE IN THE SUMMER

The single most important thing for animals in summer is WATER.     Dogs need one eight (8) ounce cup of water per day for every eight pounds of body weight.  Thus a 40 pound dog needs to drink five (5) cups of water per day.

A dog needs to urinate about one half hour after he/she has drunk water.  Be sure to allow your dog time to relieve himself before you bring him into the house after a walk.

Animals need to be PROTECTED FROM the SUN.  If your dog stays outside all day be sure that he is always able to find shade, either in his house, under an overhang or   under a tree. DON'T  tether a dog too near a fence.  The dog could jump over the fence and hang himself.   Too long a line can become entangled in  branches, around trees, etc, making it impossible for the dog to reach his house for shelter from the sun, or from inclement weather.  Snub nosed dogs like pugs, boxers or pit bulls suffer more from the heat because of their short nasal air passages.

INSECTS can be a dangerous or irritating problem in summer for your pets. TICKS can cause systemic illness as well as local infections.  Bathe your animal in a tick wash if the infestation is severe.  Wait a few days and use Advantage or one of the other tick destroying applications which last a month..  An external application is very effective usually for both ticks and fleas.  (There is a new product which has yet to establish its track record which combines flea, tick and heart worm protection.)     If you find a tick on your animal remove it by pulling it straight out of the skin.  If it is deeply imbedded in the skin  of your pet apply vaseline to the body of the tick.  He usually will withdraw to get air.  When the tick has been removed from your pets body, destroy the tick by flushing it down the toilet, or  immerse it in alcolhol or boiling water.  Treat the wound the tick made with hydrogen peroxide twice a day.  Dab on a little antibiotic ointment.   Continue this care until the wound has healed.

Fleas can be a bad problem in summer, also.  Use one of the monthly external applications or give him/herProgram mixed in food for a month's protection.  If there is a severe infestation, bathe your animal in a flea wash.  After a couple of days treat the animal with   Advantage or one of the monthly deterrents obtainable at your veterinarian's or at a pet store.

FLIES can bite your pet around the ears and cause wounds.  Protect the ears with vaseline or ointments found in pet stores which repel flies and protect the ears.   Avon SKIN SO SOFT is a  good repellent.

Summertime is also HEARTWORM season.  Have your animal tested for the presence of heartworm and then start him/her on heartworm medication monthly.   This medication must be obtained from a veterinarian.

HOW TO BEHAVE AROUND DOGS

 

A child should never approach a dog that he or she doesn't know!. Teach your child that he must not pet a dog which belongs to someone else without permission and without an adult present.  Once given the go ahead to pet the animal move slowly toward the animal so as not to frighten it.  Make a loose fist and hold it out toward the animal with the back of your hand up and a little ways from the side of your body.  Let the dog decide whether it wants to come up and sniff your hand.   If it doesn't, that is where the  greeting should stop. 

A dog's body language can tell you something about its attitude.   A fearful dog holds its ears down, tucks its tail under its body and may shake, growl or back away.  Do not try to befriend such a dog!  You might be iinviting an attack.  A dog defending his territory should be avoided.  Signs that a dog is defending are ears standing up, eyes staring directly at you, tail slowly wagging, hair standing up on  its neck, back and tail.  These are accompanied by growling or barking with teeth exposed.  Give such an animal a wide berth.

If you are approached by an aggressive dog, the best thing to do is to freeze.   Keep fists close to the body.  Don't yell or say anything and don't look at the animal.  Direct eye contact can be be interpreted by the dog as a threat or a challenge.  If a dog knocks you down, roll up into a ball and lie motionless with knees tucked in and hands and fists held against your ears.

If you are charged by a dog, immediately offer an article of clothing or a gym bag for the animal to tug on. 

When petting any dog avoid touching the head, face or ears which are the most sensitive.  Pet the dog along its side s or back Never pet any dog while he is eating.  The most friendly dog considers this an intrusion into his private time.

Teach your children that they must never tease a dog.   A child may not realize what teasing is.  Standing just outside a dog's reach and waving a stick around is teasing as it frustrates the dog who would like to make contact with the stick.    Playing rough with a dog should be avoided.  Once the dog is fully grown he may not realize that he is too large to play the way he did as a puppy.

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The information on this website is not a substitute for the advice and treatment of a licensed professional.